Exercise and Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is one of the most common lifestyle diseases affecting 415 Million people globally and 1.7 Million Australians.

Participation in regular exercise is vital to continue to prompt and train the muscles to efficiently uptake glucose (sugar) from the blood thus reducing the concentration of glucose in the blood.

Reducing blood glucose can help preserve normal pancreas function, which can prevent or manage type 2 diabetes.
Key Concepts

1. Glucose – Is a simple sugar that is prominent in plants and animals.
2. Blood Glucose – Carbohydrates consumed are eventually broken down and released into the blood as blood glucose. Blood glucose (blood sugar) refers to the concentration of glucose in the blood.
3. Insulin – Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas. Insulin serves to inform the body’s tissues (organs & muscles) that there is available glucose in the blood ready to be used.
4. Glycogen – The storage form of glucose. Imagine the glucose being put into tupperware and placed on the shelf for safekeeping until needed. Glycogen is mostly found in muscles and the liver.

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